Cancer is one of the biggest killers in the modern world. It is estimated that as many as half of us will be affected by the disease at some time in our lives. But advances in clinical treatment mean that survival rates continue to rise. There are also things you can do yourself to ensure that your risks are reduced.
Certain lifestyle factors, such as diet, exercise and smoking have a direct impact on your chances of developing cancer. However early detection is still the best way to increase the chances of it being treated successfully. It is thought that hundreds of thousands of deaths could be avoided worldwide each year if people went to their doctor earlier to report their symptoms.
Many symptoms could indicate nothing serious and can be treated very easily. But if it does prove to be cancer, early presentation at your doctor will give you the best possible chance of it being treated successfully. Here are some of the things to watch out for.
A number of cancers can be identified by locating new, or changing lumps in various parts of your body. Testicular cancer is most frequently identified by finding a small lump or slight swelling in a testicle. Similarly, symptoms of breast cancer include a lump in the breast or even a change in the size or shape of the breasts. Lumps elsewhere can also be a sign of cancer including in the neck, armpits or groin.
Checking yourself regularly is one the best ways of identifying problems early. Lumps can be explained in many other ways such as minor cysts or lipoma but it is always best to get them checked out by a professional.